Vital Records
Birth, Death, Marriages


Texas War of Independence



Texas is the only state in the Union that was once an independent republic, a status it gained as a result of the war between Mexico and American settlers.

After gaining independence from Spain, the newly formed government of Mexico encouraged Americans to settle the sparsely populated region of Texas. However, language and religious differences, along with a rebellious nature toward the Mexican government on the part of the settlers, created a hostile situation.

The Texas Revolution began in 1835 when the Americans thwarted the attempts of Mexican soldiers, under the command of dictator Santa Anna, to disarm them. On 2 March 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico.

Although the hastily gathered Texas army won several of the initial battles, they suffered a tragic defeat at the San Antonio mission known as the Alamo. It was there that 187 Texan rebels heroically held off over 2000 Mexican soldiers for 12 days.

"Remember the Alamo" became the rallying cry of the rebels and Santa Anna was finally defeated and captured at the Battle of San Jacinto, where he was forced to recognize the independence of Texas. Ten years later, Texas was annexed by the United States.

This was in 1836 , just at the time the mining boom in Lumpkin county was beginning to subside. If a miner had "Struck it Rich," by that time he had all the gold he needed. If not, he was ready to go elsewhere. The disturbances in Texas offered a new and fruitful field of adventure. Many who had sought their fortunes in the gold pits about Auraria and Dahlonega turned soldiers of fortune, or misfortune, on the far plains of Texas.

The number that went from this county to Texas cannot be determined with certainty, but it has been estimated at three hundred.